Astrophysics is a branch of space science that applies the laws of physics and chemistry to explain the birth, life and death of stars, planets, galaxies, nebulae and other objects in the universe. It has two sibling sciences, astronomy and cosmology, and the lines between them blur.
In the most rigid sense:
- Astronomy measures positions, luminosities, motions and other characteristics
- Astrophysics creates physical theories of small to medium-size structures in the universe
- Cosmology does this for the largest structures, and the universe as a whole.
Because the only way we interact with distant objects is by observing the radiation they emit, much of astrophysics has to do with deducing theories that explain the mechanisms that produce this radiation, and provide ideas for how to extract the most information from it.
Astrophysics is the physics of stars and other distant bodies in the universe, but it also hits close to home. According to the Big Bang Theory, the first stars were almost entirely hydrogen. The nuclear fusion process that energizes them smashes together hydrogen atoms to form the heavier element helium. It is only in the final stages of the lives of more recent stars that the elements making up the Earth, such as iron (32.1 percent), oxygen (30.1 percent), silicon (15.1 percent), are produced. Another of these elements is carbon, which together with oxygen, make up the bulk of the mass of all living things, including us. Thus, astrophysics tells us that, while we are not all stars, we are all stardust.
Applied and collaborative research in engineering, physics and astrophysics to capture, cleaning, curation, integration, storage, processing, indexing, search, sharing, transferring, mining, analysis, hand visualization of astronomical objects.
Astrophysics lab is one of the research domains of Exascale Open Data Analytics Lab at NCBC, NEDUET.
Astrophysics lab goals will be to develop data mining and machine learning algorithms to detect and identify variable stellar sources and their dynamic modelling in the time series image data. It also aims to provide space science education and promote public awareness through public outreach events.
- To explore universe and to handle the astronomical data avalanches.
- Covers the hottest topics in astrophysics, including exoplanets, black holes, and dark matter, etc.
- Scientific study and discovery of celestial objects (such as stars, planets, comets, and galaxies).
- To introduce the importance of astronomy to engineering students.
- To build the laboratory infrastructure as well as skilled manpower related to astronomy.
- To establish the Pakistan’s footprints in the field of astronomy & astrophysics which is currently missing.
- Excellent opportunities for inter-disciplinary collaborations with national and international partnerships.